The Scottish Terrier, affectionately known as the "Scottie," is a breed of dog that has become a symbol of Scotland's rugged charm. These small, compact, wiry-coated terriers are known for their distinctive silhouette, bold nature, and dignified demeanor. With a history that dates back to the highlands of Scotland, the Scottish Terrier has been a beloved companion to many, from farmers to presidents. In this article, we will delve into the origins, characteristics, and care of this noble breed.

Origins and History
The Scottish Terrier's ancestry is steeped in the mists of Scottish history. The breed is believed to have originated from the highlands, where they were bred to hunt and dig out vermin such as foxes and badgers from the rocky terrain. The breed's skills in hunting and its tenacity in the face of prey earned them the nickname "Diehard." The Scottie's lineage is shared with other Scottish terriers, including the West Highland White Terrier and the Cairn Terrier, but it was in the 19th century that the Scottish Terrier was refined and distinguished as a breed of its own.

Physical Characteristics
A Scottish Terrier is easily recognized by its distinctive appearance. They are small but sturdy, with a solid bone structure that belies their size. The breed standard includes:

Size: They stand about 10 inches (25 cm) at the shoulder and weigh between 18-22 pounds (8-10 kg).
Coat: Their double coat consists of a hard, wiry outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. The coat comes in several colors, including black, brindle, and wheaten.
Head: The head is long in proportion to the rest of the body, with a pronounced stop, erect ears, and dark, piercing eyes that give the Scottie a keen, intelligent expression.
Body: The body is compact with a level topline and a deep chest.
Tail: The tail is typically docked to an appropriate length and is carried upright.
Personality and Temperament
Scottish Terriers are known for their spirited and feisty temperament. They are:

Independent: Scotties are independent and sometimes aloof, not seeking attention as some other breeds might.
Loyal: To their families, they are fiercely loyal and can be very affectionate.
Territorial: They are also territorial and can be quite vocal when defending their home.
Intelligent: Scottish Terriers are intelligent and can be stubborn, which means they require consistent training from an early age.
Health and Care
Scottish Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're susceptible to certain health conditions. Common concerns include:

Scottie Cramp: A condition that affects movement, but is not painful or life-threatening.
Von Willebrand's Disease: A blood disorder that affects clotting.
Patellar Luxation: A common issue in small dogs where the kneecap can slip out of place.
Caring for a Scottish Terrier involves regular grooming to maintain their wiry coat, including brushing and professional trimming several times a year. They also require regular exercise to manage their energy levels and to stay healthy.

The Scottish Terrier, with its distinctive look and bold personality, is a breed that endears itself to its owners. They may be small in stature, but they are large in heart and spirit. For those willing to invest in proper training, grooming, and care, a Scottie can be a loyal and loving companion for years to come. Whether you're drawn to their historical roots or charmed by their dignified presence, the Scottish Terrier is a breed that captures the essence of Scotland's tenacious spirit.

Reference : Scottish Terrier Breeders

Scottish Terrier Breeders

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Topic revision: r2 - 24 Feb 2024, ScottishTerrier
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